沃特福德vs南安普顿 www.siuceg.com.cn And now to our NewsHour Shares. Seawalls help to protect developed shorelines, but they can also destroy crucial habitat.
One project in Washington state aims to fix that. Ken1
Christensen of KCTS' EarthFix explains.
The Seattle waterfront is changing right beneath your feet.
When you walk along Seattle's sidewalk, you will be walking on glass panels.
But look deeper, and you will see that the changes aren't for tourists. They're for natives.
Their function is to provide light to help thousands and thousands of little baby salmon2
It's one feature of Seattle's new seawall, a $400 million infrastructure3
project that's doubling as a really big science experiment, the biggest of Jeff Cordell's career.
Nothing has ever been tried on this scale. You're walking on foot after foot after foot of new habitat.
Cordell wants to see if coastal4
cities can better coexist with fish.
For 80 years, Seattle's seawall was like most, a flat, concrete slab5
that held back the sea, but destroyed shallow water habitat that many species thrive on.
Every spring, young salmon would migrate from Seattle's Duwamish River to the ocean, and they're hard-wired to stay close to shore, which means they run right into this.
In the inky darkness under the pier6
, life can get confusing for a fish.
There's a good example of a shadow line from a pier. And they don't want to cross the shadow line, so they just mill about here.
The new seawall is supposed to make life easier, not only by providing a naturally lit corridor for fish to pass through on their way to the ocean,
but also by featuring overhangs and rocky surfaces along the way for fish food to grow on.
Look at the brown scum here. We love to see that, because that's where the little crustaceans7
grow that the juvenile8
salmon feed on. You can't count out brown scum.
Most seawalls are still get built like Seattle's was back in the 1930s. And construction is expected to increase.
There's going to be much more need for coastal infrastructure and a lot more thinking about how we can best create habitat for the organisms that we're removing it from.
Once the seawall is complete, Cordell plans to begin a decade-long monitoring project to figure out if it does what it's supposed to.
Even that brown stuff needs a good amount of sunlight to grow.
If the experiment succeeds, the Seattle waterfront's biggest change could be the change it inspires in seawalls around the world.
For the PBS NewsHour, I'm Ken Christensen in Seattle, Washington. undefined